November 5th, the Brazilian coastline is now also affected by the pollution caused by the leakage of waste from mining.
The disaster first killed seven people and the five others disappeared. A town has been wiped off the map (Bento Rodrigues) in addition to the flooded villages.
And nearly 60 million liters of a mixture of earth, silica, iron residues, aluminum and manganese (the equivalent of 24 Olympic swimming pools, said the newspaper Folha de S. Paulo) spilled in the Rio Doce (freshwater river), the fifth largest river in Brazil. In few days, millions of fish died of asphyxiation and locals now call it on the river “Rio Morto” (Dead River). Surveys showed abnormally high levels of mercury a few kilometers from the disaster.Nowadays, more than 500,000 people are deprived of water for domestic and agricultural supplies, along the 850 km between Mariana and the Atlantic Ocean. In addition, nearly 600 people have been displaced because of the sudden rise of the water. By its quantity and composition, this wave of mud, which progresses at the speed of 1.2 km / h, affects an entire region for at least the next one hundred years.Where the “Brazilian Fukushima” covered the land, nothing can push forward long years.
In the early days, the muddy particles suspended in water, preventing the passage of sunlight and good oxygenation of the water, caused the death of much wildlife and flora .Scientists fear that some endemic species to the region have permanently disappeared since the disaster took place in full reproductive period. The head of the dams is the company Samarco, which belongs to the Brazilian mining group Vale and Anglo-Australian BHP Billiton. The Crown of Minas Gerais said the dam was not an accident and he gathered evidence of a maintenance neglect.
In ten years, five similar incidents occurred although on a smaller scale !!!